Have you ever wondered how everything was created in Greek mythology? I have, and it is now my pleasure to tell it to you the story of The Creation of Earth in Greek Mythology.
In the beginning, there was Chaos, the big nothing, that ruled the entire universe. The world was flat and shaped like a circle over which floated a closed skydome. Around the earth ran the ocean Oceanus. The first goddess was Gaia, who was everything. Gaia derived from Chaos, and she gave birth to Pontus (The Ocean) and Uranos (the Sky), which surrounded her, and which later on became the residence for the immortal gods. She gave birth to these children without any involvement from a man – Even though that Eros (the most wonderful of the immortal gods) existed alongside Gaia, he ruled over the mind of man. Together with her son Uranos (the gods did not think much about being related), she gave birth to the titans, the all-powerful ancient gods, the cyclops and three giants each with a hundred arms and fifty heads.
Uranos, who was scared of his powerful children, wanted to kill them. To protect them Gaia hid her children in her enormous body, the center of the earth. Gaia created a big curved sigil with sharp teeth and told her children: Let us punish your father who wants to kill you. The children were terrified, but the son Kronos promised to do the deed, and Gaia gave him the sigil. At nightfall when Uranos came to embrace Gaia with desire, Kronos cut his fathers phallus and threw it in the sea, Oceanus. When the blood from Uranos hit Gaia (the earth), she became pregnant and later gave birth to the giants and Erinyes (the furies). From the sperm of Uranos, the goddess of love Aphrodite was born.
Kronos now ruled the world.
Several of the titans married and had several children like the gods Helios (the Sun), Selene (Moon) and Eos (Dawn). Kronos married Rhea (also called the Mother of Gods), and they had three daughters: Hestia, Demeter, and Hera, as well as the sons: Hades, Poseidon, and Zeus. Other children were also born like Artemis and Apollon.
Unfortunately, it turned out that Kronos was no better father than Uranos. It had been predicted that one of his sons would overthrow him and take control. Therefore, he swallowed his children as soon as he saw them. When Rhea gave birth to Zeus, she went to her mother Gaia and asked for advice. Gaia then hid Zeus in a cave. She gave Rhea a big stone, which she wrapped in cloth and gave to Kronos and told him that it was their newborn son. Kronos swallowed the stone without checking to see if it was a baby, and Zeus grew up in all obscurity in a cave on the Ida Mountain in Crete. When Zeus was strong enough, he crushed his father Kronos and the Titans with the help of his siblings, the Cyclops, and the Giants. Zeus forced his father to vomit his siblings back up. Zeus also freed his father’s brothers who had been chained. To thank Zeus, the Cyclops gave him lightning and thunder, which up until now had been in Gaia’s care. Kronos also spat up the stone he had assumed to be Zeus.
If you have a hard time believing in this story, I can tell you that the stone was set up at Delphi, where it was worshiped for hundreds of years.
The Titans were banished to Tartaros, which lies deep down in the earth – further down than the Underworld of Hades. The giants made one last effort and tried to storm the Olympus by throwing large rocks at the gods, but they were not successful, and the stones tumbled down Mount Olympus and created the Aegean sea, where they to this day make up the Greek archipelago
After the bloody battles, Zeus shared the power with his two older brothers, Poseidon and Hades. After a draw, Zeus became the master of the heaven, Poseidon of the sea and Hades of the kingdom of death (the underworld). They split the domination of the earth. The mighty Poseidon carried the nickname “earth-shaker” as he was capable of causing earthquakes in the sea and on land. Hades claimed his right for all dead to be led to his kingdom beneath the earth from which no one returns. Perhaps except for the cunning Odysseus, but that’s another story.
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